Have you ever wondered if your child is “on track” for hitting developmental milestones such as sitting, crawling, or walking? Although every child is different, there is a general timeline for typical development across infancy and childhood.
Expected Skills and Activities:
0 – 1 months: newborn prefers a position of “physiologic flexion” with the hips, knees, and arms bent close to the body; demonstrates poor head control; begins to be able to kick legs when lying on back
2 – 3 months: infant can prop up on their forearms when lying on their belly; demonstrates improvements in head control when lying on their belly or their back; brings hands and feet towards midline
4 – 5 months: infant is able to reach for objects and begins pushing up on their hands when on their belly; demonstrates bringing feet to mouth; begins rolling from back to belly and vice versa
6 – 7 months: infant is able to sit independently; demonstrates transitions into and out of sitting from their back or their belly; begins army crawling on their belly
8 – 9 months: infant begins to crawl on hands and knees; demonstrates ability to transition between different positions more easily
10 – 11 months: infant demonstrates pulling to stand and cruising along furniture; demonstrates ability to walk with hands held; demonstrates ability to sit in a variety of positions and move more in sitting
12 months: infant begins to walk independently; infant begins to attain standing without the use of a support surface
*most children begin to walk independently between 10 and 15 months
It should be remembered that this is a generalized timeline for development. Every child is different and learns new skills at different rates. This timeline should simply help parents to know what to expect and whether they should be concerned about their child’s gross motor skills. If you have any concerns about your child with regards to gross motor skills, please contact your pediatrician and request an evaluation by a physical therapist to determine whether your child may need some help to reach these motor milestones. Please be on the lookout for a future post about the typical developmental timeline for toddlers and older children!